of Northern Securities Co. v. the United States was an important judicial
decision regarding antitrust law. Justice John Marshall Harlan wrote the decision
for this case.
Securities v. the United States, the Supreme Courtheld that the Northern
Securities Company was operating as a monopolyand ruled to dissolve it. This
decision strengthened the power of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and broadened the
interpretation of the Constitution’s Commerce Clause
Prior to this ruling, which
occurred under the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt, many politicians were
hesitant to enforce this law. The Northern Securities Co. v. United States
decision was the first significant application of this Act.
As a means to resolve the
conflict, the men formed the Northern Securities Company as a monopoly that
controlled the Great Northern Railway, the Northern Pacific Railway, the
Burlington Railroad, and several others. Once the public became aware of the
monopoly, a plan by President Roosevelt followed quickly to file suit against
the Northern Securities Company.
The Commerce Clause states that
Congress has the power “to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and
among the several States…”. This is what gives the Supreme Court power
to dissolve any company that they determine to be a monopoly. The Supreme Court
Justicesfound that the actions of the
company were unreasonable enough that it constituted a monopoly.
Congress applied a broad interpretation of the Commerce
Clause in the Northern Securities Co. v. United States decision. Theodore
Roosevelt was the first politician to strictly enforce the Sherman Anti-Trust
Act and gave others the ability to do so. After this decision, several other
cases appeared before the Supreme Court that were similar in circumstances. The
Northern Securities case formed a precedent, and these cases were given similar