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Article 5 How To Propose Amendments

Article 5 How To Propose Amendments

Under Article 5, Amendments
to the Constitution can be proposed in two ways.  First,
it can be by
a two
majority of both the House of Representatives and the Senate (or a quorum of
both, meaning the minimum amount necessary to hold a session of
Congress).  The second method of proposing
can be done when two
thirds of all State
legislatures request that Congress convene a special Constitutional Convention
that will be made up of delegates that will propose Amendments.  In both
cases, any proposed Amendments will then be sent on t
o the State
legislatures for ratification. 

Naturally, due to the huge
majorities needed to either propose an
Congress or call for a
Constitutional Convention, new
Amendments to the Constitution are not
proposed very often, let alone ratified (and with the current bipartisan
climate in the country, it seems less likely that it will be happening in the
near future).  In fact, the one
time ratification of the original ten Amendments, the Bill of Rights, took three years.
Therefore, Congress has been forced on a number of
occasions to propose Amendments themselves to stave off the threat of states
calling for a Convention.  This is largely what led to the passing of the
 Seventeenth Amendment.