Laws Lawyers Find Laws Legal Forms State Laws Bills
Home » Find Laws » Constitution Laws » Amendments » An Overview of the 15th Amendment

An Overview of the 15th Amendment

Listen
What is the 15th Amendment?“Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”The15th Amendment DefinedDate ProposedThe 15th Amendment was proposed on February 26th, 1869Date PassedThe 15th Amendment was passed on February 3rd, 1870President of the United StatesUlysses S. Grant was the President of the United States during the ratification of the 15th AmendmentStipulations of the 15th AmendmentThe 15th Amendment overturned the preexisting statute prohibiting African-American citizens of the United States from suffrage; furthermore, any previous station of servitude or slavery undertaken by any individual was immaterial with regard to the right to vote15th Amendment FactsThe first African-American to participate in an election was Thomas Mundy Peterson; he participated in a school board election taking place in Perth Amboy, New Jersey – the vote took place on March 31st, 1870Despite the passing of the 15th Amendment, many Southern states undertook a mandatory poll tax with regard to the provision of suffrage to individuals of all races and creeds; as its name suggests, a poll tax was instituted in order to validate an individual’s right to vote subsequent to the payment of the tax - poll taxes were typically instituted with regard to specific races and socioeconomic classes in lieu of institution based on property and possessionsThe Dred Scott v. Sandford case (1857) mandated that African Americans – regardless of citizenship or applicable grandfather clauses – were ineligible to enjoy the freedoms and rights expressed within the Constitution of the United StatesStates Ratifying the 15th Amendment1. Alabama2. Arkansas3. California4. Connecticut5. Delaware6. Florida7. Georgia8. Illinois9. Indiana10. Iowa11. Kansas12. Kentucky13. Louisiana14. Maine15. Maryland16. Massachusetts17. Michigan18. Minnesota19. Mississippi20. Missouri21. Nebraska22. Nevada23. New Hampshire24. New Jersey25. New York26. North Carolina27. Ohio28. Oregon29. Pennsylvania30. Rhode Island31. South Carolina32. Tennessee33. Texas34. Vermont35. Virginia36. West Virginia37. WisconsinStates Not Participatory in the Ratification of the 15th AmendmentAlthough failing to receive unanimous ratification, the 15th Amendment has since received subsequent – and collective – ratification from all applicable statesStatutes Associated with the 15th AmendmentThe 15th Amendment – in addition to the 13th and 14th Amendments – is categorized as one of the 3 Constitutional Amendments regarded as ‘Reconstruction Amendments’; these Amendments took place within 5 years following the Civil War – they may also be referred to as ‘Civil War Amendments’The 24th Amendment expresses the inability of a Federal or State government to deny a citizen of the United States the right to vote as a result of failure to satisfy the required payments of a poll tax.
Font Size: AAA
Loading...
  • Play
  • Pause
  • Volume:
  • Mute
  • Half
  • Max
  • 15th Amendment

    What is the 15th Amendment?

    “Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

    Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

    The15th Amendment Defined

    Date Proposed

    The 15th Amendment was proposed on February 26th, 1869

    Date Passed

    The 15th Amendment was passed on February 3rd, 1870

    President of the United States

    Ulysses S. Grant was the President of the United States during the ratification of the 15th Amendment

    Stipulations of the 15th Amendment

    The 15th Amendment overturned the preexisting statute prohibiting African-American citizens of the United States from suffrage; furthermore, any previous station of servitude or slavery undertaken by any individual was immaterial with regard to the right to vote

    15th Amendment Facts

    The first African-American to participate in an election was Thomas Mundy Peterson; he participated in a school board election taking place in Perth Amboy, New Jersey – the vote took place on March 31st, 1870

    Despite the passing of the 15th Amendment, many Southern states undertook a mandatory poll tax with regard to the provision of suffrage to individuals of all races and creeds; as its name suggests, a poll tax was instituted in order to validate an individual’s right to vote subsequent to the payment of the tax - poll taxes were typically instituted with regard to specific races and socioeconomic classes in lieu of institution based on property and possessions

    The Dred Scott v. Sandford case (1857) mandated that African Americans – regardless of citizenship or applicable grandfather clauses – were ineligible to enjoy the freedoms and rights expressed within the Constitution of the United States

    States Ratifying the 15th Amendment

    1. Alabama

    2. Arkansas

    3. California

    4. Connecticut

    5. Delaware

    6. Florida

    7. Georgia

    8. Illinois

    9. Indiana

    10. Iowa

    11. Kansas

    12. Kentucky

    13. Louisiana

    14. Maine

    15. Maryland

    16. Massachusetts

    17. Michigan

    18. Minnesota

    19. Mississippi

    20. Missouri

    21. Nebraska

    22. Nevada

    23. New Hampshire

    24. New Jersey

    25. New York

    26. North Carolina

    27. Ohio

    28. Oregon

    29. Pennsylvania

    30. Rhode Island

    31. South Carolina

    32. Tennessee

    33. Texas

    34. Vermont

    35. Virginia

    36. West Virginia

    37. Wisconsin

    States Not Participatory in the Ratification of the 15th Amendment

    Although failing to receive unanimous ratification, the 15th Amendment has since received subsequent – and collective – ratification from all applicable states

    Statutes Associated with the 15th Amendment

    The 15th Amendment – in addition to the 13th and 14th Amendments – is categorized as one of the 3 Constitutional Amendments regarded as ‘Reconstruction Amendments’; these Amendments took place within 5 years following the Civil War – they may also be referred to as ‘Civil War Amendments’

    The 24th Amendment expresses the inability of a Federal or State government to deny a citizen of the United States the right to vote as a result of failure to satisfy the required payments of a poll tax.

    NEXT: Sixteenth Amendment

    Related Articles

    Link To This Page

    Comments

    POPULAR IN CONSTITUTION

    A Quick Guide to the First Ten Amendments
    CONSTITUTION
    A Quick Guide to the First Ten Amendments
    Who Wrote the Constitution?
    CONSTITUTION
    Who Wrote the Constitution?
    Guide to Finding a Lawyer

    MORE IN CONSTITUTION

    Sixteenth Amendment Sixteenth Amendment
    Tips