constitution


Understanding Abortion

Understanding Abortion

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Understanding Abortion

Although terms like holocaust and crucifixion have
no specific subjection in their respective definitions, the weight, history,
and meaning attributed to them has resulted in an unofficial, unconscious
association on the part of the majority of the general populace. The term
abortion seamlessly follows suit with this dynamic.

Abortion is synonymous with termination, which retains no implicit
subject matter. However, due to the perceived legal, ethical, moral,
humanistic, and complex implications that comprise the issue of the practice of
abortion, which is legally considered to be the premature, volitional
termination of a pregnancy, the term itself invariably accompanies a
conjunction to a piece of legislation passed by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1973
with the verdict reached in Roe vs. Wade, which is arguably one of the
most debated and discussed rulings in the history of the U.S. Supreme Court.

A Texas woman, under the renowned alias Jane Roe, brought her case
before the U.S. Supreme Court with the hopes of being granted the right to
terminate her unwanted pregnancy, claiming that her legally mandated inability
to do so violated the rights granted to her in the Fourteenth Amendment.
     

The Fourteenth Amendment ensures civil rights and liberties to all
citizens of the United States in the form of “Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of
Happiness.” She maintained that because the issue regarded her body, the rights
to any choices regarding it should be at her discretion, explaining that if the
pregnancy stifled her well-being, she had the right to have an abortion.
     

Fierce criticism ensued as a result of the case and challengers of
the potential prospect of allowing Jane Roe to have an abortion participated in
demonstrations, issued threats, and with the usage of biblical passages,
likened abortion next to murder. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in favor of Jane
Roe, allowing her the right to have an abortion. The ruling U.S. Supreme Court
Justice explained that the fetus was the property of Jane Roe and the Government
neither had the legal right nor cause to determine the fate of her unborn
child.
     

Due to the ambiguity of when life is assumed to begin – whether it
be in the second trimester or upon conception – likening abortion to murder is
an extremely controversial debate, riddled with ethical and emotional
implications. However, the U.S. Supreme Court established that the Government
is permitted to intervene in a decision to have an abortion during and after
the second trimester – 4 to 6 months following conception – if it is found that
it will present a danger to the mother.
In
addition, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled third trimester abortion, also called
partial birth abortion when the termination of a pregnancy occurs between 6 to
9 months after conception, to be illegal, as it shows “unjust disregard to the
fetus.”
 

The debate regarding abortion is one of the most notorious,
complex, and sensitive in the history of the U.S. Supreme Court. Although the
decision made in the hearing of Roe vs. Wade is under constant scrutiny, first
trimester abortion currently remains legal.

 

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