constitution


Who Is William Howard Taft

Who Is William Howard Taft

Share

Who Is William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft was the only political
officer to hold rank as the 27th President of the United States. He also later went
on to serve as
Chief Justice to the Supreme Court in
1921. 

Born to a
powerful family
, Taft’s life always revolved around the
political world,
starting with the appointment as Supreme
Judge in 1887. In 1904
he then became President of the United States. Theodore
Roosevelt appointed Taft as Secretary of War with all
the intentions
of training him to succeed as
President, which he did in 1908. 

In 1921, President
Warren G. Harding appointed Taft as Chief Justice of
the United
States
Supreme Court, which Taft assumed until his death in 1930. During his
life
, William
Howard Taft has always been a
n avid traveller. After his presidential reign, he spent
time furthering his education and developing different techniques to resolve disagreements
outside of the
Court. Taft also spent time in the search of
world peace before he assumed role as
Chief Justice.

The goal of William Howard Taft was to gain the title as Chief of Justice and
when he gained power, he traveled to Britain to research the different
practices of their court system. He was fascinated by the way the British court
system seemed to resolve a large number of cases quickly and was influenced to
bring this practice back to America.

Upon
return to America
, Taft introduced the Judiciary Act of 1925.
This
Act reduced
the workload of the Supreme Court, enabling it to hold preference over the
cases they oversaw. The implementation of this
Act gave the Supreme Court a better handle on
cases of national importance, allowing the courts to work more efficiently.

Many of
the implementations of William Howard Taft gave the Supreme
Court more
control, while supporting new legislation and organizing the roles of the
Judicial Conference. Taft’s decisions also gave power to the Supreme
Court to
oversee the
Federal courts which, at the time, were very disorganized.  

Many additional rulings by Taft were over the continued battle of desegregating
the school systems. In the Lum v. Rice case of 1927, the Court
overruled the prevention of Asian children attending white schools during
racial segregation. Some rulings opposed business practices that used child
laborers such as the  Bailey v.
Drexel Furniture Company
case of 1922.
Other rulings targeted cases regarding the
use of the Fourth Amendment as well as
Federal income tax laws.  
                                      

Taft continued to bring structure to the development of the Supreme Court by
fighting for the construction of a separate building, just for the Supreme Court
system. In his argument
, Taft stated that it was important for the
Supreme
Court to
branch itself separately from the daily practices of the
Federal Government.However, Taft did
not live to see the completion of  this building since it was finished in
1935 after
his passing.

Taft
helped streamline many of the business practices of the Supreme Court under his
ruling. He implemented decisions th
at distinguished the responsibilities of the Supreme Court
giving them more organization and control.

Comments

comments

Share

Related Articles

Read previous post:
Understanding the 17th Amendment

Close