The Short Biography of John Marshall

The Short Biography of John Marshall


The Short Biography of John Marshall

John Marshall was the fourth Chief Justice of the United States
Supreme Court,
reigning from 1801-1835. Although John
Marshall is not the second to assume the role of Chief Justice after John Jay,
he is the first to assume the longest run in office. His role as
Chief Justice
helped strengthen the powers of the Supreme Court Judicial system and had a
major influence on the development of the American legal system.

The establishment of John Marshall’s rule for
courts to apply judicial review is one of the most notable influences o the
judicial system. This enforcement gave judicial systems the right to strike
down laws that violate the

Under the rule of John Marshall, the Supreme Court made several important decisions that balanced the
powers between the
Federal and State governments. John Marshall is mostly known for his role in a series
of landmark
Supreme Court cases. He was reviewed as the lead Federalist of his time, implementing rules to protect the rights of individuals
and corporations, upholding the values of the

One of Marshall’s first landmark Supreme Court Cases was Marbury v. Madison, where Marshall enforced the judicial reviews
once created by John Jay. Some opposed his ruling of this case
, but Marshall was determined to make implementation of
judicial review clear. It was ruled that no power of
Government, not even
President, or court system as well as any voting
, had the right to implement
their own views of the
This ruling ensured that the documents written in the
Constitution overruled with a clear and firm standing,
giving room for nothing else to be considered.

The case of McCulloch v. Maryland is another landmark case
with which
Marshall is associated. Under this case John
Marshall ruled that states did not have the right to pass laws that violated
Constitution. He was a firm believer that the
laws that made up the Constitution preceded every other law that would come to
pass. His point of view expressed thatall laws made should be a reflection of
what was set as the basis of American governance
which all stems from the Constitution. 

John Marshall’s ruling of Federal laws preceding State laws
was also part of the landmark
Supreme Court cases implemented in 1821. This ruling pointed out
that although
State and Federal laws were separate, no State law has the right to overrule anything that has
already been implemented as a
law. The last of the landmark Supreme
Court cases under Marshall regulated interstate commerce as a Federal law. 

Although some of the decisions made by John
Marshall were not popular among other
Government officials, these
ruling helped carve out the basic functions of the
Federal Government
today. It also gave
State laws a foundation upon which all
laws should be based.

John Marshall’s
rulings of landmark
Supreme Court cases help strengthen the core of the Federal Government.
The practices and rulings under John Marshall were practical and helped streamline
the branches of the
Federal Government. John Marshall held his place as
Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court until he passed away in 1835.  




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