The Short Biography of John Jay

The Short Biography of John Jay

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The Short Biography of John Jay

John Jay assumed many roles during his life.
Born to a wealthy family of merchants in 1745, he always had a prominent role
in New York City. Documented as the first Chief Justice of the United States

Supreme Court
, his political life successfully geared him
for all the important roles he assumed. During his first public role he served
as
Secretary to the New York Committee
of
Correspondence. John Jays later role as Chief Justice to
the
Supreme Court intensified his political views and governance of
the United States. 

In 1789, John Jay was appointed as first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by President Washington. Being the first
appointed Chief Justice, many of the duties and responsibilities delegated by
the Supreme Court were initiated by John Jay and his members. John Jay
s primary functions as Chief justice were to oversee the Supreme Court during public sessions,as well as preside
over private conferences while the chamber of members discussed the rulings of
different cases.
 


Being the first appointed Chief Justice, John Jay had to set the tone in the manner the Supreme Court would
operat
e. With no set practice of the Supreme Court in the Constitution, in the
first decade of the
judicial system the Supreme Court was
known as the weakest link of the three branch
es of government.The implementation of John Jay and his views
of how things should operate helped strengthen the
judicial system overall.


During his reign as Chief Justice
from 1789-1795, John Jay reviewed important cases which helped the Supreme
Court gain recognition as a
n honorable
institution. When John Jay first assumed power as
Chief Justice, most of his time was
spent establishing practices and protocol. John Jay demonstrated the act of
fair treatment within the
Supreme Court system. 


As Chief Justice three major cases were
presented under John Jay’s ruling. The first case
, Chishlom v. Georgia, involved the right of private citizenship of one State to sue another. John Jay agreed with the conditions
of this case and implement
ed the
ruling giving an individual the right to sue another
State. This is allowed under affiliation of a corporation
denouncing the practice of sovereign rights. This ruling
, however, was later
overruled by the
Eleventh Amendment to the Constitution. Other similar cases involved other State to State
appeals,as well as the role of foreign government policies and the United
States.
 


His concerns of politics and warfare lead
John Jay to implement the Jay Treaty during the term he served as
Chief Justice in
1
794. This Treaty was implemented to shift the odds of war between
the United States and Great Britain. It also helped solve a number of problems
that came about as a result of the American Revolution. Under the John Jay
Treaty, fair trade between countries increased and it also
helped the first colonies gain there separation from British practices. The
Treaty also helped the United States gain access to the North Western
Territories. 
 


John Jays strong
political force and practice of fair ruling lead Washington to renominate John
Jay as Chief Justice in 1795, which he declined. John Jay continued to be a
political influence to the United States and
internationally as well, retiring from the
political world under the presidential reign of John Adams. 

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