Understanding Election and Qualifications

Understanding Election and Qualifications

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Understanding Election and Qualifications

The House of Representatives is the lower
house of the United States Congress.
To be eligible for the House of
Representatives, t
he individual must be at
least twenty-five years of age
, a citizen
of the United States for at least seven years
, and a resident of the State they intend to represent at the time of election. However, it is not required under the Constitution that the member
live within their district.

In comparison to the requirements for
eligibility of a senator, the age and citizenship standards or requirements are
lower for representatives. The reasoning behind this is a result of the Framers
of the Constitution (See Also: Constitutional Convention
).
The Fourteenth Amendment
 does provide for a disqualification clause, stating that
any individual that has sworn the oath to remain loyal and to support the
Constitution of the United States and has been found guilty of aiding enemies
of the State or in rebellious acts against the country will be deemed
disqualified from becoming a Representative. However, it is possible to
overrule this statute if Congress can provide for its consent to deem an
individual eligible for election through a two-thirds vote from both Houses.

Elections for candidates to the House of Representatives occur in every
even-numbered year on Election Day. Election Day is typically held in the
beginning days of the month of November. The candidates are elected from
single-member districts by way of a single-winner voting system.

Candidates are typically nominated through primary elections,
which are normally held in spring through late summer. The Republican and
Democratic parties will typically choose their respective candidates through a
unanimous vote, which are also held in spring or early summer. Those belonging
to independent or third parties will have access to the ballot, but this is
contingent on previous elections and also varies from State to State.

Each candidate, once elected, will serve for two years in
Congress. The Resident Commissioner will serve for a total of four years.
Members also can be subject to being expelled from the House of Representatives
following a majority two-thirds vote.

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