constitution


Constitution At A Glance

Constitution At A Glance

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Constitution At A Glance

The first
three Articles of the United States Constitution set up the Legislative,
Executive, and Judicial Branches of Government that comprise the structure of
the United States governing body. Article III of the Constitution deals
specifically with the Judicial Branch of the United States Government,
providing for the general architecture of the judicial system.

Section 1 of Article III states that there should
be a sole high court, the Supreme Court, that shall have the vested judicial
powers of the United States. However, it also provides for inferior courts to
help with the function of the judicial system and to allow for a better
structure to delegate judicial power.

It is of
worthy note that the Constitution does not actually provide for an established
number of judges to hold office in the Supreme Court. Article III only requires
that there be only one Federal court. However, the number of Supreme Court Justices
would be established later through additional statutes, setting the number at
nine. There is one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justice appointed to the
Supreme Court.
 

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