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An Overview of the 24th Amendment

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What is the 24th Amendment?“Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”The 24th Amendment DefinedDate ProposedThe 24th Amendment was proposed on August 27th, 1962Date PassedThe 24th Amendment was passed on January 23rd, 1964President of the United StatesLyndon B. Johnson was the President of the United States during the ratification of the 24th AmendmentStipulations of the 24th AmendmentThe 24th Amendment expresses the inability of a Federal or State government to deny a citizen of the United States the right to vote as a result of failure to satisfy the required payments of a poll taxThe poll tax was a tax that was prevalent within Southern states; as its name suggests, a poll tax was instituted in order to validate an individual’s right to vote subsequent to the payment of the tax; poll taxes were typically instituted with regard to specific races and socioeconomic classes in lieu of institution based on property and possessionsThe 24th Amendment eliminated applicable Grandfather Clauses, legal exploitation, and prejudicial examinations with regard to the classification of the individuals required to satisfy a poll tax payment in order to retain the right to vote24th Amendment FactsThe poll tax was deemed unconstitutional in 1966; the Supreme Court had deemed that it was in direct violation of the protection clause passed in the 14th AmendmentVirginia, Alabama, Texas, Arkansas, and Mississippi were the only states to enforce a poll tax at the time of the ratification of the 24th Amendment; many lobbyists suspected the poll tax of further disenfranchising African Americans and prospective Northern sympathizers through the enforcement of contingency-based suffrageJohn F. Kennedy had expressed an interest in eliminating the poll tax during his presidencyStates Ratifying the 24th Amendment1. Alabama2. Alaska3. California4. Colorado5. Connecticut6. Delaware7. Florida8. Hawaii9. Idaho10. Illinois11. Indiana12. Iowa13. Kansas14. Kentucky15. Maine16. Maryland17. Massachusetts18. Michigan19. Minnesota20. Missouri21. Montana22. Nebraska23. Nevada24. New Hampshire25. New Jersey26. New Mexico27. New York28. North Carolina29. North Dakota30. Ohio31. Oregon32. Pennsylvania33. Rhode Island34. South Dakota35. Tennessee36. Texas37. Utah38. Vermont39. Virginia40. Washington41. West Virginia42. WisconsinStates Not Participatory in the Ratification of the 24th Amendment1. Arizona2. Arkansas3. Georgia4. Louisiana5. Mississippi6. Oklahoma7. South Carolina8. WyomingCourt Cases Associated with the 24th AmendmentBreedlove v. Suttles (1937) – this court case validated the legality of the poll tax, expressing that individual states were permitted to regulate the suffrage policies within their respective jurisdictionHarper v. Virginia Board of elections (1966) – this court case overturned an individual state’s ability to regulate suffrage policies; as a result of this decision, the poll tax was deemed to be unconstitutional
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  • 24th Amendment

    What is the 24th Amendment?

    “Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.

    Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

    The 24th Amendment Defined

    Date Proposed

    The 24th Amendment was proposed on August 27th, 1962

    Date Passed

    The 24th Amendment was passed on January 23rd, 1964

    President of the United States

    Lyndon B. Johnson was the President of the United States during the ratification of the 24th Amendment

    Stipulations of the 24th Amendment

    The 24th Amendment expresses the inability of a Federal or State government to deny a citizen of the United States the right to vote as a result of failure to satisfy the required payments of a poll tax

    The poll tax was a tax that was prevalent within Southern states; as its name suggests, a poll tax was instituted in order to validate an individual’s right to vote subsequent to the payment of the tax; poll taxes were typically instituted with regard to specific races and socioeconomic classes in lieu of institution based on property and possessions

    The 24th Amendment eliminated applicable Grandfather Clauses, legal exploitation, and prejudicial examinations with regard to the classification of the individuals required to satisfy a poll tax payment in order to retain the right to vote

    24th Amendment Facts

    The poll tax was deemed unconstitutional in 1966; the Supreme Court had deemed that it was in direct violation of the protection clause passed in the 14th Amendment

    Virginia, Alabama, Texas, Arkansas, and Mississippi were the only states to enforce a poll tax at the time of the ratification of the 24th Amendment; many lobbyists suspected the poll tax of further disenfranchising African Americans and prospective Northern sympathizers through the enforcement of contingency-based suffrage

    John F. Kennedy had expressed an interest in eliminating the poll tax during his presidency

    States Ratifying the 24th Amendment

    1. Alabama

    2. Alaska

    3. California

    4. Colorado

    5. Connecticut

    6. Delaware

    7. Florida

    8. Hawaii

    9. Idaho

    10. Illinois

    11. Indiana

    12. Iowa

    13. Kansas

    14. Kentucky

    15. Maine

    16. Maryland

    17. Massachusetts

    18. Michigan

    19. Minnesota

    20. Missouri

    21. Montana

    22. Nebraska

    23. Nevada

    24. New Hampshire

    25. New Jersey

    26. New Mexico

    27. New York

    28. North Carolina

    29. North Dakota

    30. Ohio

    31. Oregon

    32. Pennsylvania

    33. Rhode Island

    34. South Dakota

    35. Tennessee

    36. Texas

    37. Utah

    38. Vermont

    39. Virginia

    40. Washington

    41. West Virginia

    42. Wisconsin

    States Not Participatory in the Ratification of the 24th Amendment

    1. Arizona

    2. Arkansas

    3. Georgia

    4. Louisiana

    5. Mississippi

    6. Oklahoma

    7. South Carolina

    8. Wyoming

    Court Cases Associated with the 24th Amendment

    Breedlove v. Suttles (1937) – this court case validated the legality of the poll tax, expressing that individual states were permitted to regulate the suffrage policies within their respective jurisdiction

    Harper v. Virginia Board of elections (1966) – this court case overturned an individual state’s ability to regulate suffrage policies; as a result of this decision, the poll tax was deemed to be unconstitutional

    NEXT: Twenty Fifth Amendment

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