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An Overview of the 17th Amendment

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What is the 17th Amendment?“The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, that the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.”The 17th Amendment DefinedDate ProposedThe 17th Amendment was proposed on May 13th, 1912Date PassedThe 17th Amendment was passed on April 8th, 1913President of the United StatesWoodrow Wilson was the President of the United States during the ratification of the 17th AmendmentStipulations of the 17th Amendment· State Legislatures – once responsible for the appointment of Senators prior to the ratification of the 17th Amendment – would be responsible for the appointment of Senatorial candidates with regard to prospective, unoccupied Senatorial positions; the replacement of the temporary candidate is appointed subsequent to public polling· The 17th Amendment is in direct response to the preexisting statutes conveyed within the United States Constitution; In lieu of the appointment of Senators resulting from elections polling state legislative bodies as stated within Article 1, Section 3, and Clause(s) 1 – 2, the 17th Amendment mandates that Senatorial election result from the polling of the popular vote:“The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.”(Article 1, Section 3, Section 1)17th Amendment FactsIn 1919, Arizona was the first state that enacted the election of its respective Senators through popular vote – Arizona received its statehood in the year 1912By default, states receiving statehood subsequent to the passing of the 17th Amendment have only undergone Senatorial appointment resulting from popular vote(s)States Ratifying the 17th Amendment1. Arizona2. Arkansas3. California4. Colorado5. Connecticut6. Delaware7. Idaho8. Illinois9. Indiana10. Iowa11. Kansas12. Louisiana13. Maine14. Massachusetts15. Michigan16. Minnesota17. Missouri18. Montana19. Nebraska20. Nevada21. New Hampshire22. New Jersey23. New Mexico24. New York25. North Carolina26. North Dakota27. Ohio28. Oklahoma29. Oregon30. Pennsylvania31. South Dakota32. Tennessee33. Texas34. Vermont35. Washington36. West Virginia37. Wisconsin38. WyomingStates Not Participatory in the Ratification of the 17th Amendment1. Alabama2. Florida3. Georgia4. Kentucky5. Maryland6. Mississippi7. Rhode Island8. South Carolina9. VirginiaStatutes Associated with the 17th AmendmentThe 20th Amendment mandates that Senatorial terms – including both legislative bodies that comprise Congress – were adjusted to end on January 3rd at noon; Congress is required to meet – at least one time – on an annual basis; this meeting time is expressed as sharing the same day as the ending of Congressional terms
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  • 17th Amendment

    What is the 17th Amendment?

    “The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.

    When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, that the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.

    This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.”

    The 17th Amendment Defined

    Date Proposed

    The 17th Amendment was proposed on May 13th, 1912

    Date Passed

    The 17th Amendment was passed on April 8th, 1913

    President of the United States

    Woodrow Wilson was the President of the United States during the ratification of the 17th Amendment

    Stipulations of the 17th Amendment

    · State Legislatures – once responsible for the appointment of Senators prior to the ratification of the 17th Amendment – would be responsible for the appointment of Senatorial candidates with regard to prospective, unoccupied Senatorial positions; the replacement of the temporary candidate is appointed subsequent to public polling

    · The 17th Amendment is in direct response to the preexisting statutes conveyed within the United States Constitution; In lieu of the appointment of Senators resulting from elections polling state legislative bodies as stated within Article 1, Section 3, and Clause(s) 1 – 2, the 17th Amendment mandates that Senatorial election result from the polling of the popular vote:

    “The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.”(Article 1, Section 3, Section 1)

    17th Amendment Facts

    In 1919, Arizona was the first state that enacted the election of its respective Senators through popular vote – Arizona received its statehood in the year 1912

    By default, states receiving statehood subsequent to the passing of the 17th Amendment have only undergone Senatorial appointment resulting from popular vote(s)

    States Ratifying the 17th Amendment

    1. Arizona

    2. Arkansas

    3. California

    4. Colorado

    5. Connecticut

    6. Delaware

    7. Idaho

    8. Illinois

    9. Indiana

    10. Iowa

    11. Kansas

    12. Louisiana

    13. Maine

    14. Massachusetts

    15. Michigan

    16. Minnesota

    17. Missouri

    18. Montana

    19. Nebraska

    20. Nevada

    21. New Hampshire

    22. New Jersey

    23. New Mexico

    24. New York

    25. North Carolina

    26. North Dakota

    27. Ohio

    28. Oklahoma

    29. Oregon

    30. Pennsylvania

    31. South Dakota

    32. Tennessee

    33. Texas

    34. Vermont

    35. Washington

    36. West Virginia

    37. Wisconsin

    38. Wyoming

    States Not Participatory in the Ratification of the 17th Amendment

    1. Alabama

    2. Florida

    3. Georgia

    4. Kentucky

    5. Maryland

    6. Mississippi

    7. Rhode Island

    8. South Carolina

    9. Virginia

    Statutes Associated with the 17th Amendment

    The 20th Amendment mandates that Senatorial terms – including both legislative bodies that comprise Congress – were adjusted to end on January 3rd at noon; Congress is required to meet – at least one time – on an annual basis; this meeting time is expressed as sharing the same day as the ending of Congressional terms

    NEXT: Eighteenth Amendment

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