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An Overview of the 14th Amendment

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What is the 14th Amendment?“Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.Section 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.”The14th Amendment DefinedDate ProposedThe 14th Amendment was proposed on June 13th, 1865Date PassedThe 14th Amendment was passed July 9th, 1868President of the United StatesAndrew Johnson was the President of the United States during the ratification of the 14th Amendment; he assumed the roles of the Presidency as a result of the assassination of Abraham LincolnStipulations of the 14thAmendmentThe 14th Amendment illustrates legislation that disallows the government from infringing on the right(s) to pursue ‘Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness’ with regard to any and all citizens of the United States of America – this statute is applicable to all measures of gender, race, religion, and ageThe 14th Amendment mandates that citizens of the United States may undergo the loss of their respective citizenship in the event of the discovery of citizenship fraud or the petition for the rejection of citizenship on the part of a once-naturalized citizen14th Amendment FactsThe Citizenship Clause within the 14th Amendment mandates that all citizens of the United States are entitled the rights expressed within the Constitution; the Equal Jurisdiction Clause within the 14th Amendment prohibits prejudice with regard to the jurisdiction of the ConstitutionThe 14th Amendment introduced the legal instrument of Due Process, which mandates the government’s obligation to respect, maintain, and uphold the legal rights of its citizens; the government is forbidden from infringing on individual’s human rights and liberties – this includes fair, respectful, and ethical treatment devoid of undue violence and harmStates Ratifying the 14th Amendment1. Alabama2. Arkansas3. California4. Connecticut5. Delaware6. Florida7. Georgia8. Illinois9. Indiana10. Iowa11. Kansas12. Kentucky13. Louisiana14. Maine15. Maryland16. Massachusetts17. Michigan18. Minnesota19. Mississippi20. Missouri21. Nebraska22. Nevada23. New Hampshire24. New Jersey25. New York26. North Carolina27. Ohio28. Oklahoma29. Oregon30. Pennsylvania31. Rhode Island32. South Carolina33. Tennessee34. Texas35. Vermont36. Virginia37. West Virginia38. WisconsinStates Not Participatory in the Ratification of the 14th AmendmentAlthough failing to receive unanimous ratification, the 14th Amendment has since received subsequent – and collective – ratification from all applicable statesStatutes Associated with the 14th AmendmentThe 14th Amendment – in addition to the 13th and 15th Amendments – is categorized as one of the 3 Constitutional Amendments regarded as ‘Reconstruction Amendments’; these Amendments took place within 5 years following the Civil War – they may also be referred to as ‘Civil War Amendments’The Dred Scott v. Sandford case (1857) mandated that African Americans – regardless of citizenship or applicable grandfather clauses – were ineligible to enjoy the freedoms and rights expressed within the Constitution of the United States; this court case was overturned as a result of the ratification of the 14th Amendment
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  • 14th Amendment

    What is the 14th Amendment?

    “Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

    Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

    Section 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

    Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

    Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.”

    The14th Amendment Defined

    Date Proposed

    The 14th Amendment was proposed on June 13th, 1865

    Date Passed

    The 14th Amendment was passed July 9th, 1868

    President of the United States

    Andrew Johnson was the President of the United States during the ratification of the 14th Amendment; he assumed the roles of the Presidency as a result of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Stipulations of the 14thAmendment

    The 14th Amendment illustrates legislation that disallows the government from infringing on the right(s) to pursue ‘Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness’ with regard to any and all citizens of the United States of America – this statute is applicable to all measures of gender, race, religion, and age

    The 14th Amendment mandates that citizens of the United States may undergo the loss of their respective citizenship in the event of the discovery of citizenship fraud or the petition for the rejection of citizenship on the part of a once-naturalized citizen

    14th Amendment Facts

    The Citizenship Clause within the 14th Amendment mandates that all citizens of the United States are entitled the rights expressed within the Constitution; the Equal Jurisdiction Clause within the 14th Amendment prohibits prejudice with regard to the jurisdiction of the Constitution

    The 14th Amendment introduced the legal instrument of Due Process, which mandates the government’s obligation to respect, maintain, and uphold the legal rights of its citizens; the government is forbidden from infringing on individual’s human rights and liberties – this includes fair, respectful, and ethical treatment devoid of undue violence and harm

    States Ratifying the 14th Amendment

    1. Alabama

    2. Arkansas

    3. California

    4. Connecticut

    5. Delaware

    6. Florida

    7. Georgia

    8. Illinois

    9. Indiana

    10. Iowa

    11. Kansas

    12. Kentucky

    13. Louisiana

    14. Maine

    15. Maryland

    16. Massachusetts

    17. Michigan

    18. Minnesota

    19. Mississippi

    20. Missouri

    21. Nebraska

    22. Nevada

    23. New Hampshire

    24. New Jersey

    25. New York

    26. North Carolina

    27. Ohio

    28. Oklahoma

    29. Oregon

    30. Pennsylvania

    31. Rhode Island

    32. South Carolina

    33. Tennessee

    34. Texas

    35. Vermont

    36. Virginia

    37. West Virginia

    38. Wisconsin

    States Not Participatory in the Ratification of the 14th Amendment

    Although failing to receive unanimous ratification, the 14th Amendment has since received subsequent – and collective – ratification from all applicable states

    Statutes Associated with the 14th Amendment

    The 14th Amendment – in addition to the 13th and 15th Amendments – is categorized as one of the 3 Constitutional Amendments regarded as ‘Reconstruction Amendments’; these Amendments took place within 5 years following the Civil War – they may also be referred to as ‘Civil War Amendments’

    The Dred Scott v. Sandford case (1857) mandated that African Americans – regardless of citizenship or applicable grandfather clauses – were ineligible to enjoy the freedoms and rights expressed within the Constitution of the United States; this court case was overturned as a result of the ratification of the 14th Amendment

    NEXT: Fifteenth Amendment

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