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An Overview of the 13th Amendment

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What is the 13th Amendment?“Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”The 13th Amendment DefinedDate ProposedThe 13th Amendment was proposed on January 31st, 1865Date PassedThe 13th Amendment was passed on December 6th, 1865President of the United StatesAndrew Johnson was the President of the United States at the time of the ratification of the 13th Amendment; he assumes Presidency subsequent to the assassination of Abraham LincolnStipulations of the 13th AmendmentThe 13th Amendment declares slavery as illegal; in addition, forced servitude is also deemed to be illegal – this Amendment is regarded as the finalization of the abolishment of slaveryThe 13th Amendment illustrates the distinction(s) between servitude, slavery, and consensual labor; forced labor is any type of labor that takes place through the implementation of threat(s), physically restraint of an individual with regard to the proliferation of labor, exploitative or blackmail –based activity in order to continue labor, and the implementation of fear in order to solidify servitude‘Debt-servitude’ – or servitude implemented in order to force the repayment of debt is considered unconstitutional within the stipulations set forth within the 13th Amendment13th Amendment FactsThe previous 12 Amendments were passed within the adoption of the Constitution of the United States2 legal statures presenting punitive recourse with regard to the passing of 13th Amendment were enacted; the “Deprivation of Rights Under Color of Law” and “Conspiracy Against Rights”The Emancipation Proclamation (1863) was issued by President Abraham Lincoln in the midst of the Civil War, which is considered to be the primary facilitator of the proposition – and subsequent ratification - of the 13th AmendmentStates Ratifying the 13th Amendment1. Alabama2. Arkansas3. California4. Connecticut5. Delaware6. Florida7. Georgia8. Illinois9. Indiana10. Iowa11. Kansas12. Kentucky13. Louisiana14. Maine15. Maryland16. Massachusetts17. Michigan18. Minnesota19. Mississippi20. Missouri21. Nevada22. New Hampshire23. New Jersey24. New York25. North Carolina26. Ohio27. Oregon28. Pennsylvania29. Rhode Island30. South Carolina31. South Dakota32. Tennessee33. Texas34. Vermont35. Virginia36. Washington37. West Virginia38. WisconsinStates Not Participatory in the Ratification of the 13th AmendmentAlthough failing to receive unanimous ratification, the 15th Amendment has since received subsequent – and collective – ratification from all applicable statesStatutes Associated with the 13th AmendmentThe 13th Amendment – in addition to the 14th and 15th Amendments – is categorized as one of the 3 Constitutional Amendments regarded as ‘Reconstruction Amendments’; these Amendments took place within 5 years following the Civil War – they may also be referred to as ‘Civil War Amendments’The 19th Amendment overturned preexisting stipulations that deny citizens of the United States the right to vote on the basis of gender; this amendment granted female citizens of the United States the right to vote.
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  • 13th Amendment

    What is the 13th Amendment?

    “Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

    Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

    The 13th Amendment Defined

    Date Proposed

    The 13th Amendment was proposed on January 31st, 1865

    Date Passed

    The 13th Amendment was passed on December 6th, 1865

    President of the United States

    Andrew Johnson was the President of the United States at the time of the ratification of the 13th Amendment; he assumes Presidency subsequent to the assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Stipulations of the 13th Amendment

    The 13th Amendment declares slavery as illegal; in addition, forced servitude is also deemed to be illegal – this Amendment is regarded as the finalization of the abolishment of slavery

    The 13th Amendment illustrates the distinction(s) between servitude, slavery, and consensual labor; forced labor is any type of labor that takes place through the implementation of threat(s), physically restraint of an individual with regard to the proliferation of labor, exploitative or blackmail –based activity in order to continue labor, and the implementation of fear in order to solidify servitude

    ‘Debt-servitude’ – or servitude implemented in order to force the repayment of debt is considered unconstitutional within the stipulations set forth within the 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment Facts

    The previous 12 Amendments were passed within the adoption of the Constitution of the United States

    2 legal statures presenting punitive recourse with regard to the passing of 13th Amendment were enacted; the “Deprivation of Rights Under Color of Law” and “Conspiracy Against Rights”

    The Emancipation Proclamation (1863) was issued by President Abraham Lincoln in the midst of the Civil War, which is considered to be the primary facilitator of the proposition – and subsequent ratification - of the 13th Amendment

    States Ratifying the 13th Amendment

    1. Alabama

    2. Arkansas

    3. California

    4. Connecticut

    5. Delaware

    6. Florida

    7. Georgia

    8. Illinois

    9. Indiana

    10. Iowa

    11. Kansas

    12. Kentucky

    13. Louisiana

    14. Maine

    15. Maryland

    16. Massachusetts

    17. Michigan

    18. Minnesota

    19. Mississippi

    20. Missouri

    21. Nevada

    22. New Hampshire

    23. New Jersey

    24. New York

    25. North Carolina

    26. Ohio

    27. Oregon

    28. Pennsylvania

    29. Rhode Island

    30. South Carolina

    31. South Dakota

    32. Tennessee

    33. Texas

    34. Vermont

    35. Virginia

    36. Washington

    37. West Virginia

    38. Wisconsin

    States Not Participatory in the Ratification of the 13th Amendment

    Although failing to receive unanimous ratification, the 15th Amendment has since received subsequent – and collective – ratification from all applicable states

    Statutes Associated with the 13th Amendment

    The 13th Amendment – in addition to the 14th and 15th Amendments – is categorized as one of the 3 Constitutional Amendments regarded as ‘Reconstruction Amendments’; these Amendments took place within 5 years following the Civil War – they may also be referred to as ‘Civil War Amendments’

    The 19th Amendment overturned preexisting stipulations that deny citizens of the United States the right to vote on the basis of gender; this amendment granted female citizens of the United States the right to vote.

    NEXT: Fourteenth Amendment

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