Election of the Speaker Process and House Rules Governing Election of the Speaker
The House of Representatives
is responsible for the election of the Speaker of the
House. This is provided by the United States
Constitution, as per Article I, Section 2. The Speaker of the House of
Representatives is elected every
subsequent time a new House is to convene for the first time.
The Constitution does not provide for any provisions or
legislature stating that the Speaker of the House of Representatives needs to
be a member of this chamber of Congress in order to be
eligible. Essentially, anyone that meets the
requirements of eligibility for the office may be considered for nomination.
The requirements are the same as those for any other seat
in the House of Representatives. However,
those that have shown a skill for leadership will be given extra consideration.
The three basic requirements are:
In recent practice, the candidate is typically chosen
among the members of the House leadership in the majority party. The
prospective candidate must be voted in on a majority vote of the House of
Representatives. A majority vote can be reached, even if all of the members of
the House of Representatives are not present. Absentee members of the House of
Representatives can render a vote of “present.” If there is no
majority vote rendered in favor of any one candidate, the election process is
repeated until a Speaker of the House of Representatives is elected.
Once the election is over and a Speaker of the House of Representatives is
elected, the individual is then sworn in to the office by the Dean of the
House, which is the member that has longest served the House of Representatives
at that given point in time. Once in office, the Speaker of the House of
Representatives has substantial powers and responsibilities, which include,
but are not limited to:
● Signing bills and resolutions that are passed
by the House of Representatives.