constitution » Article 6 http://constitution.laws.com Constitution- Constitution Law, US Constitution, The Constitution, Constitutional Law Thu, 02 Feb 2017 18:20:05 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=4.1.18 Article 6 of the U.S. Constitution http://constitution.laws.com/article-6-of-the-constitution http://constitution.laws.com/article-6-of-the-constitution#comments Wed, 22 Apr 2015 10:36:31 +0000 Article 6 of the U.S. Constitution

According to Article 6 of the U.S. Constitution all laws (and treaties) made by the United States are “the supreme law of the land.” Both federal and state officials, for example judges, are required to take an oath to fully support the Constitution, even when state law contradicts federal law. Unlike the previous Articles of Confederation, the Constitution completely wins over state power. However, the U.S. Constitution also defends the states’ powers in many different ways. This structure of federalism, where the state and national governments share power together, is the main feature of American government. Along with ensuring this form of federalism, Article 6 also promises a degree of religious freedom in the United States by disallowing any sort of religious test requirement for public office.
The First Clause of Article 6
 
The first clause of Article 6 simply states that any debts created before the adoption of the United States Constitution are to be considered valid, in the same form they were held under the Articles of Confederation.
The Second Clause of Article 6
 
The second clause of Article 6 states that according the U.S. Constitution, federal laws and treaties are considered the
supreme law of the land. State court and laws are bound to this supreme law and in the case of conflict between the two, federal law must ultimately apply. This includes the laws described in state constitutions.
The Third Clause of Article 6
 
According to the third clause, state and federal legislators, judges, and executive officers are bound by affirmation or oath to fully support the U.S. Constitution. The U.S. Congress may decide the form of this oath. However, Congress cannot require any religious test in order to hold an office. While oaths can include the phrase “so help me God,” these words are not required to be said and are therefore not a religious test.
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Article 6 http://constitution.laws.com/article-6/article-6 http://constitution.laws.com/article-6/article-6#comments Tue, 07 Apr 2015 18:46:05 +0000 Article 6

Article 6 of the U.S.
Constitution implemented three particular laws and conditions in the form of
three clauses, the latter of which would completely change the focus of
American Government for some time to come.  The first, and largely the
most short term of these conditions, was the clarification that all of the
debts incurred and contract
s enacted by the nation prior to the adoption
of the Constitution, while the country was still under
 the Articles of Confederation, would be assumed by the Government.  

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Supremacy Clause http://constitution.laws.com/article-6/supremacy-clause http://constitution.laws.com/article-6/supremacy-clause#comments Tue, 07 Apr 2015 18:46:05 +0000 Supremacy Clause The Supremacy Clause is the name usually given to the second clause of Article 6 of the U.S. Constitution, which established two things: that the Constitution is “the supreme Law of the Land” and that all laws of all states and the Federal Government will be subordinate to the Constitution.  The Supremacy Clause has become one of the core elements of stare decisis, or judicial review as set forth in Chief Justice John Marshall’s ruling in the case of Marbury v. Madison.

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Understanding Article 6 http://constitution.laws.com/article-6/understanding http://constitution.laws.com/article-6/understanding#comments Tue, 07 Apr 2015 18:46:05 +0000 Understanding Article 6

Understanding the significance of Article 6 of the United States
Constitution
requires understanding what came before
America had a
Federal Constitution and what the implications
were afterward.  The forerunner of the American Constitution was the
 Articles of Confederation, to which all other laws and oaths would be
subordinate. 

The second and third clauses of Article 6 had
extremely long lasting-implications.  The first involved the assuming of
the debts and obligations incurred under the
 Articles of Confederation. 

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